Introduction to FDA style

A specifically french format, devised by Declan McCavana several years ago. Two teams of five debate on a given motion, one side must defend the motion while the other must try to defeat it. The debate is judged on the quality of the arguments, the strength of the rhetoric, the charisma of the speaker, the quality of the humor, the ability to think on one's feet and, of course, teamwork. It is important to note that in the FDA tournament debates, presentation is considered equally as important as content.

The first speaker of the Proposition (Prime Minister) opens the debate, followed by the first speaker of the Oppostion (Leader of the Opposition), then the second speaker of the Proposition and so on.

Every speaker speaks for 6 minutes. After the first minute and before the last minute, debaters from the opposing team may ask Points of Information, which the speaker may accept or reject as they wish (although they are expected to accept at least 2).

For more information: Check the official website of the French Debating Association.

FDA speaker roles

Here is a table written by our coach Mandy Weyer-Brown about speakers' role in French Debating Association Style.

The roles of the 5 speakers
PROPOSITION (Gvt.) OPPOSITION
1ST
SPEAKER
Defines the motion
Describes the team's line

Makes a point , with illustrative example/s
Introduces fellow team members and outlines the areas they'll be covering
Begs audience to accept the motion

Comments on the Government's definition and party line and redifines motion , if appropriate
Rebuts P.M.'s argument/s
Sets out Opposition's line
Makes a point + examples
Introduces team
Begs audience to reject...

2ND
SPEAKER
Rebuts previous speaker
Repeats Government's line, refers to PM's argument
Makes 1 or 2 points + examples
Refers to next team-mate
Begs to accept
Same sort of thing as P2, the other way around...(has more rebuttal possibilities, as does every speaker on this side)
3RD
SPEAKER
Same as above, with more possible rebuttal and more team-mates to refer to !
Same
4TH
SPEAKER
Same Same
5TH
SPEAKER
Ties up any rebuttal
Makes one point + example
Sums up Opposition's arguments and shows why they're no good
Sums up Proposition's arguments and/t shows why they're superior
Leaves audience with a memorable parting shot
BEGS JURY TO ACCEPT

Same idea
(As very last speaker, tries to leave audience with a memorable impression... )




BEGS JURY TO REJECT THE MOTION